Main Table of Contents

Fri 5 Jul 2013


g_sas computes hydrophobic, hydrophilic and total solvent accessible surface area. See Eisenhaber F, Lijnzaad P, Argos P, Sander C, & Scharf M (1995) J. Comput. Chem. 16, 273-284. As a side effect, the Connolly surface can be generated as well in a .pdb file where the nodes are represented as atoms and the vertice connecting the nearest nodes as CONECT records. The program will ask for a group for the surface calculation and a group for the output. The calculation group should always consists of all the non-solvent atoms in the system. The output group can be the whole or part of the calculation group. The average and standard deviation of the area over the trajectory can be plotted per residue and atom as well (options -or and -oa). In combination with the latter option an .itp file can be generated (option -i) which can be used to restrain surface atoms.

By default, periodic boundary conditions are taken into account, this can be turned off using the -nopbc option.

With the -tv option the total volume and density of the molecule can be computed. Please consider whether the normal probe radius is appropriate in this case or whether you would rather use e.g. 0. It is good to keep in mind that the results for volume and density are very approximate. For example, in ice Ih, one can easily fit water molecules in the pores which would yield a volume that is too low, and surface area and density that are both too high.


-f traj.xtc Input Trajectory: xtc trr trj gro g96 pdb cpt
-s topol.tpr Input Structure+mass(db): tpr tpb tpa gro g96 pdb
-o area.xvg Output xvgr/xmgr file
-or resarea.xvg Output, Opt. xvgr/xmgr file
-oa atomarea.xvg Output, Opt. xvgr/xmgr file
-tv volume.xvg Output, Opt. xvgr/xmgr file
-q connelly.pdb Output, Opt. Protein data bank file
-n index.ndx Input, Opt. Index file
-i surfat.itp Output, Opt. Include file for topology

Other options

-[no]h bool no Print help info and quit
-[no]version bool no Print version info and quit
-nice int 19 Set the nicelevel
-b time 0 First frame (ps) to read from trajectory
-e time 0 Last frame (ps) to read from trajectory
-dt time 0 Only use frame when t MOD dt = first time (ps)
-[no]w bool no View output .xvg, .xpm, .eps and .pdb files
-xvg enum xmgrace xvg plot formatting: xmgrace, xmgr or none
-probe real 0.14 Radius of the solvent probe (nm)
-ndots int 24 Number of dots per sphere, more dots means more accuracy
-qmax real 0.2 The maximum charge (e, absolute value) of a hydrophobic atom
-[no]f_index bool no Determine from a group in the index file what are the hydrophobic atoms rather than from the charge
-minarea real 0.5 The minimum area (nm^2) to count an atom as a surface atom when writing a position restraint file (see help)
-[no]pbc bool yes Take periodicity into account
-[no]prot bool yes Output the protein to the Connelly .pdb file too
-dgs real 0 Default value for solvation free energy per area (kJ/mol/nm^2)